Tehran Metro Line 3 is designed to connect the northeast of Tehran Metro network to the southwest. Passing through the main traffic areas of Tehran and having intersections with other metro lines (intersection with lines 1, 4, 6 & 7), this line will play a major role in passenger transportation.
The operation of Tabriz metro line 1 is programmed in 3 phases. The first phase has operated in August 2015 in 6.5 kilometers (including 6 stations and 1 depot) that simultaneously the construction of phase 2 & 3 of line 1 is going ahead.
There is a real need to have the transport planning framework to make a sustainable decision and prepare the practical long-term and mid-term solutions for the transportation issues in the future .therefore in 2007, the comprehensive transport planning framework was performed by Tehran Comprehensive Transportation and Traffic Studies Company with the supervision of Tehran Traffic and Transportation Organization and Deputy.in 2010, this report , we will present the recent information and the new policies of transportation management in the eighteen subjects.
Greater Tehran is currently one of the most populated great cities in the world with an estimated population of around 14 million inhabitants. 12 million motorized trips are daily recorded in Tehran Municipality. Improving the Public Transportation conditions has become crucial in Tehran when the increasing road congestion jeopardizes economic efficiency of the city as well as air quality. In the near future, transportation will have a significant role in supporting the development and reinforcing Tehran position as a high-ranked world city.
Due to the important changes in the transport supply and the great modifications of the land use of Tehran since the SOFRETU studies in the 1350’s AH, it has become essential to confirm or update the urban rail strategy development".
As Tehran is the largest city in Iran by far, the transport challenges it faces therefore differ considerably from those faced by other Iranian cities. There are about 7 other major cities in Iran such as Tabriz and Isfahan (once one of the largest cities of the ancient world) but the difference between them and Tehran today is quite dramatic. This can be seen easily just by comparing their populations. They are all under 2 million while Tehran is four times their size. Thus, Tehran is the most densely populated urban area, and what goes on in Tehran will have an impact on transport nationally. Over the past ten years, the worsening traffic congestion has become more than a nuisance and turned into a major challenge for the Tehran city authorities. The metropolitan region is growing at a rate of about one per cent so any new transportation system for Tehran needed to cater for not only the growing demand but also be adapted to the development and expansion of the city. In addition, the transportation system also had to satisfy the general public’s rising expectations in terms of quality of life and environmental friendliness.
Tehran Metro at a glance.
Greater Tehran is currently one of the most populated mega cities in the world with an estimated population of 14 million inhabitants and 13 million daily motorized trips. Improving the Public Transportation has become crucial in Tehran when the increasing road congestion jeopardizes air quality as well as economy profitability of the city workforce. Due to the important changes in the population, vehicle supply, the great modifications of the land use, and new urban development and also opening of 4 urban rail lines and the new road infrastructure implementation of Tehran since the last traffic studies in 1970's, it was essential to update the urban public transportation strategy development. The proposed transportation system of Tehran would have to meet not only the growing demand for transportation but also the urban development expansion of the city. In addition, the transportation system had to satisfy the inhabitants rising expectations for quality of life and preservation of the environment.
Tehran, the capital of Iran, a metropolitan with more than 8 million populations and a wide area of 740 square kilometer surface and a 10750 / km2 population density has a complicated traffic network which needs a comprehensive vision to manage the overall network. The daylight population of Tehran goes to more than 12 million people each day, which makes the traffic situation much more complicated including more than 19 million trips a day. More than 3.5 million vehicles are traveling through Tehran's roads network and traffic congestion has gradually become a major challenge for the Urban Management in last 10 years.
Tehran, a metropolis with 8 million residents and daily19 million movements, has 4 metro lines and 3 BRT lines. Traditional bus network and common taxi transport people, beside these mass transit systems. New tries of Tehran municipality, as operator of urban transport, started in 2007, concentrating on development of underground lines (20 km annually) and reforming the structure of traditional bus lines. 10 BRT lines should be developed, according to this new scheme. Hitherto, 3 BRT lines have been operated, transporting about 900 thousands passengers, daily. Now, traffic and transportation deputy of Tehran municipality working on development of 2 other lines till next year, which has passed the survey phase and started implementation.